James Gilvray Galloway

GALLOWAY, James Gilvray (1828- 1860)

B. ?, Springfield, Fifeshire, 1828. D. 7 June 1860, Collingwood

Arrived in Melbourne, 1854. Stonemason; February 1856, present at inaugural meeting of StoneMasons Society and foundation secretary. March 1856, pioneer of 8 Hour Day movement and principal instigator of movement. Blacklisted by employers. Standing as major figure in 8 Hour Day movement downplayed in favour of James Stephens. Died destitute. Following premature death stonemasons erected monument in his honour in  Melbourne General Cemetery generally known as ‘8 hours monument’.

Merrifield papers; W.E. Murphy, 1896; Recorder, April 1976, March 1979, Nov 1984